Construction under Prince Eugene of Savoy
The Baroque Belvedere palaces, Prince Eugene of Savoys summer residence, were designed by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt, one of Central Europes greatest Baroque architects.
The Belvedere after Prince Eugenes Death
The Belvedere Becomes a Museum
Modern GalleryLooking back on a history of more than 100 years, the Austrian Gallery has succeeded in positioning itself as the leading museum of Austrian art.
The close relationship between the museums administration and the NS regime manifested itself in a high budget for native German art and the closure of the Modern Gallery under the pretext of saving degenerate art from confiscation. In spite of large-scale salvage operations, important works including Gustav Klimts Faculty Paintings were lost.
The exhibition programme was decided upon by the competent ministry.
The 1980s were marked by a lack of funds and shorter opening hours.
In the 1990s, the federal museums were modernised under the motto A Billion for Our Museums. Both palaces were thoroughly refurbished while the museum continued its operations. The conservation department was moved to the Guards Court at the Lower Belvedere. The collections were reinstalled at the Upper Belvedere; the Baroque Museum and the Medieval Collection were newly set up at the Lower Belvedere and the Orangery respectively. Such prestigious exhibitions as Claude Monet (1996), Klimt and the Women (2000) or Franz Xaver Messerschmidt attracted international attention and ensured attendance records.